2022-04-14, 11:30–12:00 (Europe/Vienna), Room 2
Prosody has been proved cross-linguistically to be an important cue for the identification of the regional origin of a speaker [1, 2, 3], and is one of the main factors in the definition of Italian regional varieties , including regional standards . Most of the research on intonation in regional Italian focused on the analysis of city-based varieties, e.g. Pisa or Palermo Italian [6, 7]. These studies provide a picture of regional Italian intonation characterized by common features (e.g. declaratives are relatively homogeneous and generally realized with the tune H+L*L-L% ), as well as divergent features (the case of the different tunes of yn questions  ). This picture featuring variation and homogeneity is, at present, mostly based on geographically distant varieties. The few available studies on Italian neighboring varieties showed that regional intonation does not follow the main dialectal isoglosses, such as the La Spezia-Rimini line . While these findings might be partly influenced by the way prosodic data are analyzed , they also suggest that the areal distribution of regional prosodic features does not follow the continuum of the primary dialects, and that prosodic variation of regional Italian might be better described in terms of patterns of frequency and distribution than in terms of clear-cut isoglosses [10, 12]. In this context, the intonational analysis of neighboring varieties would provide a finer-grained picture of the continuum of regional Italian pronunciation, helping to characterize transitional areas, and to understand the relationship between primary dialects and regional Italian varieties.
This paper aims at contributing to this research, by zooming in on the regional intonation of three neighboring varieties of Campania Italian [13, 14], i.e. Neapolitan, Salerno and Cilento Italian. Campania speakers are bilingual, as dialects are vital at least to some extent also among the younger generations [14, 15, 16]. Therefore, the choice of the three data points reflects their position on the Campanian linguistic map [14, 17]: Naples and Salerno are both included in the Neapolitan dialectal area, whereas Cilento is located for its largest part under the Eboli–Lucera isogloss separating Campania from Lucanian dialects .
The study compares the tune of statements and y-n questions of different types in Neapolitan [9, 18], Salerno [9, 12] and in Cilento Italian (belonging to a different dialectal area). The intonational comparison of the three closely related varieties is based on a phonetic and phonological analysis of the tunes.
Since prosodic features can be affected by the speech style [8, 12, 19], we examine dialogical as well as read speech. The data are extracted from CLIPS  and IARI  (Naples and Salerno), and are complemented with new datasets collected for the present study (Cilento). To insure comparability, new data are collected with the same elicitation techniques used for CLIPS and IARI: Map task  and Spot the difference  for dialogical speech, and Discourse Completion Task  for semi-spontaneous and read speech.
Sociolinguistic variation in contemporary ItalianReferences –
 Peters, J., Gilles, P., Auer, P. & Selting, M. (2002) Identification of regional varieties by intonational cues. An experimental study on Hamburg and Berlin Germans, Language and Speech, 45(2), 115- 139.
 Vaissière, Jaqueline & Philippe Boula de Mareüil (2004), «Identifying a language or an accent: from segments to prosody », Workshop MIDL, Paris.
 van Leyden, K. & van Heuven, V.J. (2003) Prosody versus segments in the identification of Orkney and Shetland dialects, Proceedings of the 15th International Congress of Phonetic Sciences, Barcelona, 1197-1200.
 Canepari, Luciano. (1980). Italiano standard e pronunce regionali. Padova: CLEUP.
 Crocco, Claudia. (2017). Everyone has an accent: standard Italian and regional pronunciation. In M. Cerruti, C. Crocco, & S. Marzo (Eds.), Towards a new standard: theoretical and empirical studies on the restandardization of Italian (Vol. 6, pp. 89–117). Berlin/New York: Mouton de Gruyter.
 Gili Fivela, Barbara. 2008. Intonation in Production and Perception: The Case of Pisa Italian. Torino: Edizioni dell'Orso.
 Grice, Martine. (1995). The Intonation of Interrogation in Palermo Italian: Implication for Intonation Theory. Tübingen: Niemeyer.
 Savino, Michelina. (2012). The intonation of polar questions in Italian: where is the rise? In Journal of the International Phonetic Association, 42, 23-48.
 Gili Fivela, Barbara, Cinzia Avesani, Marco Barone, Giuliano Bocci, Claudia Crocco, Mariapaola D’Imperio, Rosa Giordano, Giovanna Marotta, Michelina Savino, & Patrizia Sorianello. (2015). Intonational phonology of the regional varieties of Italian. In Frota, S., Prieto, P. (Eds.) Intonation in Romance, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 140-197.
 Gili Fivel,a Barbara & Francesca Nicora. (2018). La Lunigiana, tra Liguria e Toscana: quale situazione linguistica ci offre l’analisi delle caratteristiche intonative? In Alessandro Vietti, Lorenzo Spreafico, Daniela Mereu, Vincenzo Galatà (eds) Il parlato nel contesto naturale. Milano: Officina Ventuno, pp. 131-156.
 Hualde, J. Ignacio & Pilar Prieto. (2016). Towards an International Prosodic Alphabet (IPrA). Laboratory Phonology: Journal of the Association for Laboratory Phonology, 7(1): 5, pp. 1–25.
 Orrico, Riccardo, Renata Savy, Mariapaola D’Imperio. (2019). Salerno Italian: Intonational phonology and dimensions of variation. In Duccio Piccardi, Fabio Ardolino, Silvia Calamai Gli archivi sonori al crocevia tra scienze fonetiche, informatica umanistica e patrimonio digitale || Audio archives at the crossroads of speech sciences, digital humanities and digital heritage Pag.309-328 Milano Officinaventuno.
 De Blasi, Nicola. (2006. Profilo linguistico della Campania, Roma - Bari, Laterza.
 Radtke, Edgar. (1998) Napoli, ma non solo Napoli, «Italiano e oltre» 13, 3-4, pp. 189-197.
 Avolio, Francesco. (1989). Il limite occidentale dei dialetti lucani nel quadro del gruppo “altomeridionale”: considerazioni a proposito della linea Salerno-Lucera, in «L'Italia dialettale», LII (1989), pp. 1-22.
 Berruto, Gaetano. (2018). The languages and dialects of Italy. in Wendy Ayres-Bennett and Janice Carruthers (eds.) Manual of Romance Sociolinguistics. Berlin: de Gruyter, pp: 494–525.
 Sornicola, Rosanna. (1997). Campania. in The Dialects of Italy, ed. by Martin Maiden and Mair Parry (London: Routledge, 1997), pp. 330-337.
 D’Imperio, Mariapaola. (2001). Focus and tonal structure in Neapolitan Italian. Speech Communication 33(4): 339—356.
 Face, Timothy. (2003). Intonation in Spanish declaratives: differences between lab speech and spontaneous speech. Catalan Journal of Linguistics, 2, 115-131.
 Savy, Renata & Francesco Cutugno. (2009). Diatopic, diamesic and diaphasic variations in spoken Italian. In Proceedings of the 5th Corpus Linguistics Conference: CL2009, pp. 20-23. [Corpus available at www.clips.unina.it].
 Frota, Sonia & Pilar Prieto. (eds.) 2015. Intonation in Romance, Oxford: Oxford University Press.
 Anderson, Anne H., Miles Bader, Ellen G. Bard, Elizabeth Boyle, Gwyneth Doherty, Simon Garrod, Stephen Isard, Jacqueline Kowtko, Jan McAllister, Jim Miller, Cathy Sotillo, Henry S. Thompson & Regina Weinert (1991). The HCRC map task corpus. Language and Speech, 34(4), 351-366.
 Pean, Vincent, Sheila M. Williams & Maxine Eskenazy. 1993. The design and recording of ICY, a corpus for the study of intraspeaker variability and the characterisation of speaking styles. In Proceedings of Eurospeech 1993, 627–630. Berlin, Germany.
 Vanrell, Maria del Mar, Ingo Feldhausen & Lluïsa Astruc. 2018. The Discourse Completion Task in Romance prosody research: Status quo and outlook. In Ingo Feldhausen, Jan Fliessbach & Maria del Mar Vanrell (eds.), Methods in prosody: A Romance language perspective, 191–227. Berlin: Language Science Press.